The U. S. Fumigation of Colombian Farmers:
"ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF THE AERIAL SPRAYING WITH ROUNDUP (GLYPHOSATE) ON PLANTATIONS OF ILLICIT NARCOTICS BY THE GOVERNMENTS OF COLOMBIA AND THE UNITED STATES UNDER THE " PLAN COLOMBIA"
Francisco J. Palacio, Ph.D.1,2
"The basic premise of the fumigation program is that the active herbicide, glyphosate, is not harmful to people, animals, and the environment, and that "immediately" after fumigation new crops can be planted. All of these premises are simply not true as will be shown below."
"Glyphosate, a better name for N-phosphono-methylglycine (www.usfumigation.org), was\par patented by Monsanto in 1974. According to the Chemical Watch Fact sheet, Vol. 21 No. 1, 2001, despite widespread use of this herbicide and the prevalent Monsanto mythology that it is harmless, glyphosate has been linked to Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (American Cancer Society's journal CANCER, Hardell, L. and M. Eriksson, 1999. A Case-Control Study of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and Exposure to Pesticides. March 15, 1999, Vol. 85 No. 6, p. 1353-1360, which was widely publicized through the Internet (The study found hat people exposed to glyphosate are 2.7 times more likely to develop Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and that further studies are necessary to understand all the implications of the links between pesticides and the various types of these NHL's.)"
"The most recent report from California's Department of Pesticide Regulation indicate that glyphosate ranks first among herbicides as the cause of pesticide-induced illness or injury to people in the state (California Pesticide Illness Surveillance Program Report. 1998. Table 4.)"
"A study conducted by the International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) found that exposure to Roundup killed 50% of three species of beneficial insects, a parasitoid wasp, a lacewing, and a ladybug (Hassan, S.A. et al. 1988. Results of the fourth joint pesticide testing programme carried out by IOBC/WPRS -Working Group "Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms," J. Appl. Entomology, 105 : 321-329.)"
"Other studies on fishes have shown that glyphosate, and in particular, the inert compounds in the formulation of Roundup are actually highly toxic to fishes. (Folman, L.C., H. O. Sanders, and A.M. Julin, 1979. Toxicity of the herbicide and several of its formulations to fish and aquatic invertebrates. Arch. Environmental Cont. Toxicology, 8: 269-278.)"
"All of the above examples are cited in the context of the use of glyphosate when applied as a herbicide under a set of "normal" conditions, or in the context as a traditional herbicide. However, there are no known systematic studies of the impact of massive amounts of Roundup released by aircraft in tropical, humid, species-rich,, ecosystems. As is the case of some 500 gallons of Roundup per night in targeted areas in the state of Putumayo."
Posted by Roger Lovejoy on 28 May, 2001